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Co-Primers™: A 2.5 million-fold improvement

Featured in the Journal of Molecular Diagnostics.

The increasing need to multiplex nucleic acid reactions presses test designers to the limits of amplification specificity in PCR. Although more than a dozen hot starts have been developed for PCR to reduce primer-dimer formation, none can stop the propagation of primer-dimers once formed. Even a small number of primer-dimers can result in false-negatives and/or false-positives. Herein, we demonstrate a new class of primer technology that greatly reduces primer-dimer propagation, showing successful amplification of 60 template copies with no signal dampening in a background of 150,000,000 primer-dimers. In contrast, normal primers, with or without a hot start, experienced signal dampening with as few as 60 primer-dimers and false-negatives with only 600 primer-dimers. This represents more than a 2.5 million–fold improvement in reduction of nonspecific amplification. We also show how a probe can be incorporated into the cooperative primer, with 2.5 times more signal than conventional fluorescent probes.

Read the article here:

Satterfield, Brent C. (2013) Cooperative Primers; 2.5 Million–Fold Improvement in the Reduction of Nonspecific Amplification. The Journal of Molecular Diagnostics, Vol: 16, Issue: 2, Page: 163-73.